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Monday

First aid on Cuts & Scrapes

Cuts and scrapes it's can be happen when someone doing his work. Small cuts and scrapes are often viewed as part of childhood and growing up.

Cuts may result slice the skin open, but scrapes will hurt you only on the top part of skin. Scrapes also can hurt more than cuts, but they heal quicker. You can treat most cuts and scrapes if it is as minor wound and don't require a trip to the emergency room. But you should get emergency care if you are bleeding a lot, or if you are hurt very badly.

The first and possibly most important step when treating minor cuts and scrapes is to thoroughly clean the wound with mild anti-bacterial soap and water being careful to remove any foreign material, such as dirt or bits of grass, that might be in the wound to avoid infection or other complications.

If cuts and scrapes happened to the people who have diabetes, other long-term illnesses such as cancer, or are taking drugs that suppress the immune system such as steroids (cortisone medications like prednisone and prednisolone) or chemotherapy, are more likely to develop a wound infection and should be seen by a health care professional.

These are guidelines may can help you to do the first aid action on the minor cuts and scrapes wound :
  • Calm the victim and let him/her know you can help

  • Stop the bleeding, apply pressure with a clean cloth or bandage for several minutes. If the blood spurts or continues to flow after continuous pressure, seek medical assistance

  • Wash your hands thoroughly

  • Wash the cut or scrape area with soap and water, but do not scrub the wound. Remove any dirt particles from that area and let the water from the faucet run over it for several minutes, If dirt or debris remains in the wound after washing, use tweezers cleaned with alcohol to remove the particles

  • Apply an antiseptic lotion or cream such as Neosporin or Polysporin to help keep the surface moist

  • Cover the area with an adhesive bandage or gauze pad. Bandages can help keep the wound clean and keep harmful bacteria out, but after the wound has healed enough to make infection unlikely, exposure to the air will speed wound healing

  • Change the dressing at least daily or whenever it becomes wet or dirty

  • See your doctor if the wound isn't healing or you notice any redness, drainage, warmth or swelling (signs of infection)


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