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First Aid on Burn Injury

First aid on burn Injury are require different type of care depending on the type and extent of injury. Burns can cause by heat (steam, hot bath water, tipped-over coffee cups, cooking fluids), electricity (biting on electrical cords or sticking fingers or objects in electrical outlets), chemicals (swallowing things, like drain cleaner or watch batteries, or spilling chemicals, such as bleach, onto the skin), or radiation (overexposure to the sun).

There are three types of burn injuries :
  • First-degree burn injury produce redness, pain, and minor swelling. The skin is dry without blisters and may be healing after 3 to 6 days.

  • - Remove the victim from the heat source or clothing from the burned area immediately
    - Treat this burn injury as minor burn, hold the burned area under cold running water for at least 5 minutes, or until the pain subsides
    - If running water is not available place the burn in any cold, drinkable fluid. Do not use ice, as it can cause frostbite, further damaging the skin
    - Apply a moisturizing lotion and dress the burs area with loosely wrapped steril gauze. Don't use fluffy cotton, which may irritate the skin.
    Types of burn injuries

  • Second-degree burn injury damage the outer layer and the layer underneath (burns produce blisters, severe pain, and redness).

  • - Treat this burs also as minor burn, but should be with extra care to avoid infection and excessive scaring because type of this burn damage the skin more extensive
    - Do the dressing daily and keep the burn area clean and use mild soap to rinse the wound
    - Apply antibiotic ointment to prevent infection then cover with steril gauze.

  • Third-degree, these burn injury can cause destroy the deepest layer of skin and tissues underneath (skin surface appears dry and can look waxy white, leathery, brown, or charred).

  • - If burn injury happened and the victim's clothing is on fire, douse him with non-flammable liquid. Don't remove burnt clothing that's may stuck to the skin
    - Don't immerse severe large burns in cold water, it's can cause shock
    - Check the victim (breathing, coughing or movement), If he is going into shock and loses consiousness then there is no breathing or other sign of circulation, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
    - Use a cool, moist, sterile bandage; clean, moist cloth; or moist towels to cover the area of the burn. Burns can cause swelling, blistering, scarring and in serious cases, shock and even death.


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